Breed Profile: Barred Plymouth Rock

Photo of Kassandra Smith

Kassandra Smith

Senior Editor • Backyard Chicken Coops

Last Updated: 01 December 2018

The Plymouth Rock, often called simply Rocks or Barred Rocks (after their most popular colour), is a chicken breed that originated in the United States. The Plymouth Rock is a dual-purpose, cold-hardy bird and therefore makes a great breed for the backyard flock owner. The Barred Rock is often called the Plymouth Rock, but this title correctly belongs to the entire breed, not just the Barred variety.


  • Class: American
  • Type: Large Fowl & Bantam
  • Size: Heavy 3-4kg
  • Rarity: Common
  • Purpose: Dual (Eggs & Meat)
  • Recognized Varieties: Barred, White, Buff, Silver Penciled, Partridge, Columbian, Blue, Black


  • Egg Laying: very good – all year round. Plymouth Rocks lay a large egg and continue laying throughout the winter but with decreased production.
  • Egg Colour: Brown but vary in colour from light to medium brown with a touch of pink.
  • Egg Size: Large


  • Comb Type: Single Comb
  • Feathered Legs: No
  • Appearance: yellow skin and legs


  • Hardy in Winter: Yes
  • Especially Docile: Yes
  • Setter/Broody: Yes, make good mothers
  • Personality: Smart and docile. Best described as calm! These birds are good with children and great for people who are new to keeping chickens. They are sweet and genuinely want to be around you and your pets.
  • Family Friendly Rating: 4/5
  • Other Chickens with High Family Friendly Rating: Orpington, Polish, Rhode Island Red, ISA Brown & New Hampshire 

Sources and further reading

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